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Communications of the ACM

Communications of the ACM

General equations for idealized CPU-I/O overlap configurations

General equations are derived for estimating the maximum possible utilization of main storage partitions, CPU and I/O devices under different conditions in an idealized CPU-I/O overlap model of multiprogrammed computer systems. The equations are directly applicable to any configuration consisting of sets of identical CPU's, I/O processors, main storage partitions and user tasks. Examples are provided to illustrate the use of the equations to compute effective processing time per record and expected timesharing response time under both balanced and unbalanced resource utilization conditions.

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