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What Is Wikileaks?

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Months after releasing some 90,000 secret records of U.S. military incident and intelligence reports about the war in Afghanistan, Wikileaks has posted online almost 400,000 similar documents detailing events in Iraq after the 2003 invasion.

It is the latest in a long list of "leaks" published by the secretive site, which has established a reputation for publishing sensitive material from governments and other high-profile organizations.

In April 2010, for example, Wikileaks posted a video on its Website that shows a U.S. Apache helicopter killing at least 12 people—including two Reuters journalists—during an attack in Baghdad in 2007. A U.S. military analyst is currently awaiting trial, on charges of leaking the material along with other sensitive military and diplomatic material.

In October 2009, it posted a list of names and addresses of people it claimed belonged to the British National Party (BNP). The BNP said the list was a "malicious forgery."

And during the 2008 U.S. elections, it published screenshots of the email inbox, pictures and address book of vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin.

Other controversial documents hosted on the site include a copy of the Standard Operating Procedures for Camp Delta, a document that detailed restrictions placed on prisoners at Guantanamo Bay.

From BBC News
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