Rice University researchers have developed an electron superhighway that could be used to build a quantum computer.
The researchers, led by Rui-Rui-Du and Ivan Knez, developed a method for creating a quantum spin Hall topological insulator, which is one of the building blocks need to create quantum particles that store and manipulate data. "In terms of information density, a silicon microprocessor with 1 billion transistors would be roughly equal to a quantum processor with 30 qubits," Du says.
The researchers are working with topological quantum computing, which is expected to be more fault-tolerant than other types of quantum computers because each qubit in a topological quantum computer will be made from a pair of quantum particles, known as Majorana fermions, that have virtually immutable shared identity. If a small square of a topological insulator is attached to a superconductor, the researchers expect Majorana fermions to appear precisely where the materials meet, according to Knez.
From Rice University
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