Women with Ph.D.s in science and engineering fields earn 31% less than men one year after they graduate, according to a study led by Ohio State University professor Bruce Weinberg.
The pay gap was 11% when researchers took into account that women tended to graduate with degrees in fields that generally pay less than fields in which men got their degrees.
Men were more than twice as likely to complete dissertations in lucrative fields such as engineering and were 1.5 times more likely to study computer science, math, or physics. In addition, although the private sector tends to pay the largest salaries, women were more likely than men to work in government and academia.
The rest of the pay gap disappeared when the researchers controlled for whether women were married and had children. The importance of helpful family policies is supported by the fact that single and childless women tended to have less of a pay gap than those who were married and those who had children.
The researchers had data, not previously available to scientists, on 1,237 students who received Ph.D.s from four U.S. universities from 2007 to 2010 and were supported on research projects while in school.
From Ohio State University
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