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A Novel Machine Learning Algorithm Allows for Efficient and Accurate Verification of Quantum Devices

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B and F represent the input and output states, respectively, of a quantum system. E is an auxiliary system necessary to pass the sequence of input states B to the quantum reservoir S. S can then be read to emulate F without disrupting the system.

The researchers used machine learning and a technique called quantum reservoir computing to build their novel algorithm.

Credit: Tran et al.

Technologies that take advantage of novel quantum mechanical behaviors are likely to become commonplace in the near future. These may include devices that use quantum information as input and output data, which require careful verification due to inherent uncertainties. The verification is more challenging if the device is time dependent when the output depends on past inputs. For the first time, researchers using machine learning dramatically improved the efficiency of verification for time-dependent quantum devices by incorporating a certain memory effect present in these systems.

Quantum computers make headlines in the scientific press, but these machines are considered by most experts to still be in their infancy. A quantum internet, however, may be a little closer to the present. This would offer significant security advantages over our current internet, amongst other things. But even this will rely on technologies that have yet to see the light of day outside the lab. While many fundamentals of the devices that can create our quantum internet may have been worked out, there are many engineering challenges in order to realize these as products. But much research is underway to create tools for the design of quantum devices.

Postdoctoral researcher Quoc Hoan Tran and Associate Professor Kohei Nakajima from the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology at the University of Tokyo have pioneered just such a tool, which they think could make verifying the behavior of quantum devices a more efficient and precise undertaking than it is at present. Their contribution is an algorithm that can reconstruct the workings of a time-dependent quantum device by simply learning the relationship between the quantum inputs and outputs. This approach is actually commonplace when exploring a classical physical system, but quantum information is generally tricky to store, which usually makes it impossible.

From SciTechDaily
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