The United States, in partnership with its allies, has hit Russia with some of the most sweeping export restrictions ever imposed, barring companies across the world from sending advanced technology in order to penalize President Vladimir V. Putin for his invasion of Ukraine.
The restrictions are aimed at cutting off the flow of semiconductors, aircraft components and other technologies that are crucial to Russia's defense, maritime and aerospace industries, in a bid to cripple Mr. Putin's ability to wage war. But the extent to which the measures hinder Russia's abilities will depend on whether companies around the globe follow the rules.
Enforcing the new restrictions poses a significant challenge as governments try to police thousands of companies. But the task could be made easier because the United States is acting in concert with so many other countries.
The European Union, Japan, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Britain and South Korea have joined the United States in imposing their own restrictions. And governments including Singapore and Taiwan, a major global producer of semiconductors, have indicated they will support the rules.=
From The New York Times
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