Researchers at the U.K.'s Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU) and Egypt's Cairo University (CU) used software and a "reverse aging" process to replicate ancient Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II's face.
CU's Sahar Saleem used a computed tomography (CT) scanner to produce a three-dimensional model of Ramesses' head and skull, which formed the basis of the facial reconstruction.
LJMU's Caroline Wilkinson said, "We have tested our methods using CT [scans] from living donors and we have evaluated the facial reconstruction using geometric comparison that shows approximately 70% [of the] surface of the facial reconstruction with less than 2 millimeters of error."
Wilkinson said ancient Egyptian mummies also preserve features like ear shape, creases, or hair pattern, which "should increase the level of accuracy [of the reconstruction]."
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