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E.U. Agrees on Landmark Artificial Intelligence Rules

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Lawmakers discussed the A.I. Act in June at the European Parliament.

Under the terms of the A.I. Act, use of facial recognition software by police and governments is restricted outside of certain safety and national security exemptions.

Credit: Jean-Francois Badias/Associated Press

European Union policymakers agreed on Friday to a sweeping new law to regulate artificial intelligence, one of the world's first comprehensive attempts to limit the use of a rapidly evolving technology that has wide-ranging societal and economic implications.

The law, called the A.I. Act, sets a new global benchmark for countries seeking to harness the potential benefits of the technology, while trying to protect against its possible risks, like automating jobs, spreading misinformation online and endangering national security. The law still needs to go through a few final steps for approval, but the political agreement means its key outlines have been set.

European policymakers focused on A.I.'s riskiest uses by companies and governments, including those for law enforcement and the operation of crucial services like water and energy. Makers of the largest general-purpose A.I. systems, like those powering the ChatGPT chatbot, would face new transparency requirements. Chatbots and software that creates manipulated images such as "deepfakes" would have to make clear that what people were seeing was generated by A.I., according to E.U. officials and earlier drafts of the law.

From The New York Times
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