New research in cognitive sciences and consciousness suggests that experts in artificial intelligence (AI) should reconsider the Turing Test, writes Aladdin Ayesh, a senior lecturer in the Informatics Department at De Montfort University and a member of the Centre for Computational Intelligence. He says it became clear during a recent debate at the conference of the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behavior that the Turing Test does not fully test intelligence. For example, the test does not consider learning, which is an element of intelligence in humans and animals.
Alan Turing created the conversation test in 1950 as a way to determine whether a machine was intelligent. In order to pass the test, a machine ultimately has to be conscious of the fact that it is a machine; that it must come across as human; and that it must be conscious of time, visual limitation, and of what makes a human come across as human. As a result, the Turing Test may really test consciousness, self-awareness, and the ability to create from imagination.
A symposium at the 2010 Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behavior conference will try to determine whether consciousness, self-awareness, and creativity are the prerequisites of intelligence.
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